Ichinomiyaを英語でガイドしよう! 尾西歴史民俗資料館編B
美濃路と起宿 〜渡しのある宿場町〜
     The Minoji Road and Okoshi Rest Station
        

<美濃路>
 美濃路
(みのじ)は江戸時代に東海道・宮宿と中山道・垂井宿とを結んだ脇往還(バイパス)です。全長は約57.5`。途中7つの宿場町があり、起宿もそのひとつです。


 <Minoji road> 
 During the Edo period, the Minoji Road was a bypass that connected the Miya Rest Station on the Tokaido road to the Tarui Rest Station on the Nakasendo Road.The Minoji Road was 57.5 kilometers long, and there were 7 rest stations situated along its path, one of which was the Okoshi rest station.


<本陣・脇本陣>
 本陣とは、大名、公家、勅使などが旅をするときに休んだり泊まったりする場所として宿場町に設置された宿舎のことです。
脇本陣は、本陣の予備的施設で、参勤交代の際に、本陣だけで泊まりきれない場合や、宿場で藩(大名)同士が鉢合わせになった場合の格式の低いほうの藩の宿として利用されるなど、本陣に差し支えが生じた場合に利用されました。それ以外の時は一般旅客の宿泊にも使われました。

 
 
<Honjinn・Wakihonjin>
 
Honjin (lodging officially designated for a daimyo) was a lodging house located in an inn town and utilized by daimyo, court nobles and imperial messengers during their travels when they needed to rest or lodge for the night.
 A waki honjin (secondary lodging)was an extra facility of the honjin and was utilized along with the honjin during a sankin kotai (Alternate Residence Duty) procession in two situations.  In the first situation, if the procession was too large and there were not enough rooms in the honjin, the low-status members of the procession would stay in the waki honjin. Second, if it so happened that two daimyo stayed in the same in town at the same time, then the one with higher social status would stay at the honjin, while the one with lower social status would stay at the waki honjin.At all other times, common travelers could lodge at the waki honjin as well.


















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